Hemp is not only capable of providing us with recreational and medical cannabis products, but it also gives us biofuel. In fact, experts believe that hemp is the future of biofuel.
Hemp biomass refers to a bulk of dried hemp materials that are used in producing a wide range of hemp products such as hemp oil, hemp fiber, CBD extracts, and other CBD components. A high amount of biomass is being produced in huge quantities in some states where the Agricultural Dept. has legally allowed the research on hemp.
Here’s everything you need to know about the hemp biomass.
What is Hemp Biomass?
With the recent developments in hemp production, people are discovering that hemp can actually be used in many ways. It can be used as an additive to certain food products, such as milk, pasta, bread etc. But other than these, hemp has also been found to be an excellent source of fuel, which is pretty interesting. Hemp has been proven to be highly valuable in the energy sector since its byproducts can be used as alternative fuels.
When it comes to fuel, hemp falls under the classification known as biomass. The term “biomass” basically refers to any kind of organic matter that can be made into fuel. Thus, the hemp biomass is a potential source for renewable energy. For years, scientists and researchers have been studying hemp in terms of using it in producing industrial oil and biofuel.
Benefits of Hemp Biomass
Advocates of hemp believe that cultivating hemp is an excellent sustainable alternative for small-scale farmers. Of course, as a highly sustainable material, hemp is also good for the environment. According to some hemp advocates, the amount of biomass that was produced from hemp per year is equivalent to the size of an entire forest, yet hemp can only be produced in a four-month period.
Sustainability of Hemp Biomass
Unlike the other annual crops, hemp only needs a small amount of herbicide and pesticide. Hemp is also a great alternative to rotation crop since it’s capable of replenishing and preserving the nitrates of the soil. In addition, if hemp is grown in a large scale, it could help strike a balance between carbon dioxide emissions as the plant breathes in carbon dioxide and emits the same amount once it’s burned as fuel.
Those who are cultivating hemp for biofuel are employing a process known as pyrolysis. This is basically a refining technique where heat is applied to the plant to be converted into fuel. However, in order for this technology to be cost-effective, the facilities must be installed within 50 miles from the field where the crop is grown.
Hemp biomass is converted into fuel by means of chemical decomposition or biological digestion. For this process, the waste coming from hemp is removed and made into carbon nanomaterial. This material is used as an alternative to the more expensive graphene, a nanomaterial used for operating high-powered batteries and supercapacitors. The supercapacitor is responsible for charging batteries fast for the braking system of the vehicles.