Cannabis and hemp have a lot of compounds. Some of these are well-known, like CBD and THC, and then there are others that barely get any attention, such as CBG, THCV, CBC, and CBN. Most people are only aware of CBD and THC, given that they are the most commonly discussed compounds.
There are other compounds, such as cannabichromenic acid (CBC-A), cannabidivarin (CBDV), cannabichromevarin (CBCV) and cannabigerolic acid (CBG-A). These are cannabinoids that have a lot of promise but they don’t rank high on the priority list for research for different reasons. Over time, however, as more research is carried out, more information will be available on these compounds.
- Cannabichromevarin (CBCV)
CBCV was discovered in 1975 in Thailand. What’s more interesting about this compound is that it was discovered through research into other cannabinoids. Strains of cannabis that have low levels of CBD or THC usually have a high level of CBCV.
CBCV is popular because of its anticonvulsive properties. According to researchers, it can help infants who are struggling with seizures. It’s also an anandamide reuptake inhibitor which blocks the absorption of anandamide in the brain to prolong its function in the body. CBCV is also useful for patients who are suffering from cancer, inflammation, depression, chronic pain, Alzheimer’s disease, Crohn’s disease and epileptic seizures.
- Cannabidvarin (CBDV)
Just like most of the other cannabinoids, CBDV is also a non-psychoactive cannabinoid. It has the same structure as CBD. Hemp strains or cannabis strains that have a high level of CBD usually have a high level of CBDV too.
Not a lot of research has been done on CBDV at the moment, though according to the preliminary findings available so far, it’s useful in managing and reducing seizures and nausea.
According to a research published in the British Journal of Pharmacology, THCV and CBDV have a very high potential of reducing nausea. However, there’s still so much more research needed here, given that the tests were carried out on rats. CBDV is also useful as an anti-convulsive and works in the same way that Capsaicin does. It targets the transient receptor potential channels, dealing with the gradual development of brain epilepsy.
- Cannabichromenic Acid (CBC-A)
This compound is found in the cannabis plant through decarbing. It’s not a psychoactive compound, just like CBD, and it can also provide analgesic and antimicrobial support. Tropical strains of psychoactive cannabis contain the most abundant levels of CBC-A. The secretion of cannabichromenic acid starts very early in the seeding stage for plants, just before they start producing THC. The conversion of CBC-A to CBC happens by aging and heating the acid through decarboxylation.
There are several health benefits of using CBC-A. It has anti-inflammatory and anti-viral properties, and it’s also an analgesic and antimicrobial.
- Cannabigerolic Acid (CBG-A)
CBGA is the equivalent of a cannabinoid stem cell. It’s responsible for the health benefits that CBG, CBD-A, THC, and CBC enjoy. All the cannabinoids are formed through biosynthesis. This is a process where compounds are formed from a combination of chemicals. Industrial hemp plants have very high levels of CBG-A, with some of the plants having as high as 94% CBG.
CBG-A is an antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and analgesic product.