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How Does the CBD Supply Chain Work?

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With the legalization of CBD, you’ll now find plenty of CBD brands in the market. But all the CBD products that you’ll find in the shelves now are not created equal. Oftentimes, customers don’t really have an idea of what’s actually going on with the CBD products that they are buying. They have no idea where exactly these products came from and how they were produced.

In the same way, some CBD vendors are not often aware of what their best options are when it comes to sourcing CBD products. So let’s take a closer look at the CBD supply chain in order to further understand how the hemp industry works.

  1. Sourcing the Seeds

There are different types of cannabis seeds used for producing varying kinds of CBD products. Some of these seeds are rich in terpenes while others have high levels of THC. In order to produce CBD products, growers would need to cultivate seeds that are rich in CBD but with low THC content. Ideally, the CBD content should be around 10-20 percent while the THC content should be less than 0.3%.

When the hemp plants are grown, growers take different approaches to trimming them. Dry trimming requires waiting for the plant’s branches to dehydrate before they are trimmed. On the other hand, wet trimming refers to the process of trimming the leaves immediately after the brunch is cut from the main body of the plant.

  1. Extracting the CBD

There are two ways in which the CBD is extracted from hemp. First is the CO2 extraction and the other is ethanol extraction. If you want a cleaner way to extract CBD from hemp, then you should opt for CO2 extraction. With this method, there won’t be any residual carbon dioxide that will be added to the final product.

On the other hand, when the ethanol extraction is used, the product tends to bind with some water-soluble components, which affects the purity of the end product, resulting in generally less potent CBD oil.

  1. Distribution of the Finished Products

After the CBD has been extracted from the hemp plants, the product must first undergo rigorous testing to ensure purity, potency, and quality. This includes determining the level of CBD and creating a terpene profile. Before the products are distributed in the market, they must first be checked for contamination of microbiological substances, pesticides, heavy metals etc.

Finally, the products will be sent to thousands of distributors in the market who will be responsible for selling them. It’s important that retailers verify if the CBD products they are buying have undergone quality controls and testing to ensure that the product is safe for consumption. This is why wholesale suppliers must provide a certificate of analysis confirming the amount of CBD present in each product, as well as the THC and other compounds.

Reputable companies should be able to provide customers with information on the sourcing, extraction process, and processing of the CBD products that they are selling.

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